Category Archives: Solutions

Jane Goodall’s 4 Issues to Solve Climate Change

In the public interest.


By Jane Goodall

September 12, 2019
Dr. Jane Goodall, DBE, is the founder of the Jane Goodall Institute and a United Nations Messenger of Peace.

Harry Campbell for TIME

I’ve stood with Inuit elders by a great ice cliff in Greenland as water cascaded down and icebergs calved. It never used to melt, the elders told me. I’ve witnessed the shrinking of a Mount Kilimanjaro glacier. I’ve watched wildfires rage in Africa and in California. And I’ve seen the carcasses of animals who have died in droughts.

As I travel around the globe, people tell me how the weather patterns have been disrupted and the worst kind of hurricanes, typhoons and cyclones are getting more destructive and more frequent. It is because we are polluting and destroying the environment by using natural resources in an unsustainable way.

When I started my research in Gombe, Tanzania, in 1960, it was part of the forest belt that stretched across Africa. In 1990, I looked down from a small plane on an island of forest surrounded by completely bare hills. More people were living there than the land could support, so trees had been cleared to grow food or make charcoal.

In order to slow down climate change, we must solve four seemingly unsolvable problems. We must eliminate poverty. We must change the unsustainable lifestyles of so many of us. We must abolish corruption. And we must think about our growing human population. There are 7.7 billion of us today, and by 2050, the UN predicts there will be 9.7 billion. It is no wonder people have despaired. But I believe we have a window of time to have an impact. Here’s why I’m still optimistic. 

The Resilience of Nature

Habitats and species on the brink of extinction can recover if given a chance. When I realized the plight of the people living around Gombe, the Jane Goodall Institute started a program called Tacare to help them find ways to make a livelihood that did not involve devastating the environment. As they realized that protecting forests is good not only for wildlife but also for their own future, they became our partners in conservation. Today we have Tacare in six other African countries, and the hills in Gombe aren’t bare anymore.

The Human Brain

How is it possible that the most intellectual creature ever to walk the earth is destroying its only home? There has been a disconnect between our clever brains and our hearts. We do not ask how our decisions will help future generations, but how they will help us now, how they will help our shareholders, etc. Yet every day we are also inventing technology that enables us to live in greater harmony with the natural world (clean energy, for example). Those same communities around Gombe are using smartphones and satellite imagery to monitor their forests and set aside village land for regeneration.

Danish people try out bicycles being set up to produce electricity in the center of Copenhagen, Denmark.

Danish people try out bicycles being set up to produce electricity in the center of Copenhagen, Denmark.
Anja Niedringhaus—AP

Social Media

These networks have enabled us to connect on issues in a way never before possible. It was the People’s Climate March in New York in 2014 that showed me this in real time. People posted and told others to join them, and what was supposed to be a march of 100,000 turned into one of 400,000.

The Power of Young People

I started Roots & Shoots—a program in which kindergartners and university students alike choose projects to make the world a better place for animals, people and the ­environment—in 1991 when I realized how many had lost hope. It exists now in more than 50 countries, and many participants are working on climate-change-related issues.

If we all get together, we can truly make a difference, but we must act now. The window of time is closing.

This is one article in a series on the state of the planet’s response to climate change. Read the rest of the stories and sign up for One.Five, TIME’s climate change newsletter

Sheltering the Homeless in San Diego

Counting Down to the Downtown Homeless Shelter’s Big Reveal


  • Photo by Sam Hodgson

    A view of the Connections housing facility, which is slated to open soon in downtown San Diego.



Kelly Bennett is on a quest to understand the scope of homelessness in San Diego, evaluate what’s being done and discern where we’re going.
Up Next
How much money various agencies and governments spend to combat homelessness.
What We’ve Learned
How the region counts a notoriously difficult-to-count population, what politicians are pledging about homelessness, what life is like for a woman who’s homeless for the first time and other stories from our quest.
Get Involved
What do you want to know about homelessness here? What am I missing? Leave a comment below or email

Posted: Thursday, January 10, 2013 9:52 am | Updated: 3:26 pm, Thu Jan 10, 2013.



A new, year-round homeless services center that will sleep more than 220 people nightly is set to open in phases as early as this month. It’s a widely anticipated project that will bring more than 20 different agencies, including a health clinic, under its roof.

The 14-floor, $38 million center represents a big change in local homeless services. For one, it’s permanent. The city’s financial investment in homeless services has for years been a temporary winter tent program. The tents come down in April.

Over the past year, scores of construction workers have been renovating the high-rise built in the 1920s, originally as an athletic club. (They even found signs of an erstwhile indoor swimming pool during the renovation.) The building’s most recent iteration was the World Trade Center office complex.

It’s been a couple of years since the new center was frequently in the news as community meetings sprung up to debate its placement — and even its existence. Since then, numbers have fluctuated on development costs and how many of each type of housing/bed might appear. Downtown leaders have warmed to the proposal since that combative first stage.

It’s another example that we’re in a remarkable time in local homelessness discussions.

When the team first started talking with downtown residents and business owners, “there was so much hesitancy,” said Jennette Lawrence Shay, director of government and community relations for the Family Health Centers of San Diego, which will operate a ground-floor clinic in Connections. Now, the Downtown Partnership has made homelessness one of its chief focuses.

“We’re talking about night-and-day difference,” Shay said.

As I’ve pursued our quest to better understand homelessness in San Diego, this new center, Connections Housing, has been the talk of the town. Homeless services advocates find lots to cheer in the effort that matches a successful Los Angeles service provider, People Assisting the Homeless, with lots of local service organizations to form a one-stop center.

But a few questions temper their enthusiasm.

Here’s a brief guide to the basics and why Connections is not a panacea for homelessness — downtown or elsewhere. (Construction continues, so Sam Hodgson’s photos from our recent visit show a work in progress.)

The setup:

• Two basements will hold a kitchen, administrative offices and a bevy of offices where residents can get help and resources from more than 20 service organizations and training groups.

• A ground-floor medical clinic will serve between 70 and 100 patients per day and will be the new location for the Family Health Centers of San Diego’s downtown clinic, located at Park and Broadway since the mid-1990s. The clinic will be open to anyone, not just residents of the Connections building.

Floors two and three will hold 134 cubicle-style beds and community bathrooms, kitchen and laundry facilities. Those beds are meant for 30- to 60-day stays.

Floors two and three will also house 16 private units for longer-term residents with special needs.

• The remaining floors up to the 12th will be subdivided into 73 studio apartments with their own small kitchens and bathrooms. These apartments will house residents and match them with supportive services.

The thorny math:

Various counts peg the number of people sleeping unsheltered in downtown in the hundreds, or sometimes higher than 1,000. (We’ve written about what goes into those downtown counts here and here.)

The emergency winter tent shelter, now up at 16th Street and Newton Avenue, sleeps about 225 people per night.

Connections serves 134 homeless individuals on a short-term basis year-round. (CityBeat scorned this difference in an editorial last summer.)

The leaders at Connections say the building makes a dent, but doesn’t cover the whole homeless population. They’re hoping this center will be successful enough to persuade other neighborhoods to allow similar centers.

“You can’t have one building solving all of the problems of homelessness,” said Joel Roberts, CEO of PATH, the L.A. group at the helm of the project.

But the city has committed the money it usually spends on the emergency winter tent — about $400,000 in federal grants — to running the interim bed program at Connections. This year a private donor, United Healthcare, stepped forward with a big $250,000 check to fund the winter tent because the permanent shelter wasn’t yet open.

The tent’s fate next year and beyond is unclear.

“Connections is a wonderful project and everyone’s really anxious for it to get going,” said Mathew Packard, director of housing innovations for the San Diego Housing Commission. “But it’s not going to solve homelessness for us. And next winter when it gets cold and rainy we’re still going to have homeless people.”

Moreover, replicating Connections in other neighborhoods will be difficult.

“The federal government doesn’t have more money to spend,” Packard said. And Connections used some redevelopment funds and incentives toward the cost of construction. The state has since dismantled its redevelopment program, precluding similar funding for a future Connections-style project.

“Is it possible? Yeah,” Packard said. “People would have to be extraordinarily creative.”

Who’s moving in?

• An outreach team has been building a list since last spring of more than 400 people who spend most of their nights in the quarter-mile radius of the building. Those people are then prioritized based on who’s most vulnerable, said Jessica Wishan, PATH’s San Diego director.

She declined to say when the final decisions on who is moving in will be made.

From this point, anyone interested in living in Connections in the future can add his or her name to a list at the Neil Good Day Center.

What about the ticket ban?

If you followed the debate about the permanent center when it was up for approval in 2010, you might remember another political sticking point. If the city builds the center, many business owners and politicians wanted to know, can the city again issue tickets to homeless people for sleeping on the streets?

Currently, a legal settlement means police can’t issue illegal lodging tickets unless there is an available bed in a shelter to direct someone to.

The city attorney envisioned a model where tickets might again be issued within a certain radius of the building — should there be open beds in the Connections facility, of course. It’s too soon to say before Connections opens how this math might work.

We detailed these arguments in a 2010 episode of San Diego Explained.

I’m Kelly Bennett, reporter for Voice of San Diego. You can reach me directly at or 619.325.0531.

Homeless Families In San Diego Crowd Emergency Shelters

Monday, February 4, 2013

By Susan Murphy

The growing number of poor families in San Diego County is taking a toll on emergency shelters.

Radio news logo

Homeless Families In San Diego Crowd Emergency Shelters

Aired 2/7/13

The growing number of poor families in San Diego County is taking a toll on emergency shelters.

Nearly one in five children (19.2 percent) in San Diego County lived below the federal poverty level in 2011.

Kevork Djansezian

Getty Images

Nearly one in five children (19.2 percent) in San Diego County lived below the federal poverty level in 2011.

“I’ve been working with families for 12 years, and I’ve never seen the amount of kids and families that we had last year,” said Molly Downs, emergency services director for the San Diego Rescue Mission.

The overnight emergency shelter has a capacity for 60 women and children. It’s open from 7 p.m. to 7 a.m. and provides families with dinner, breakfast, a bed and a hot shower.

“We’re supposed to have 60 women and children. We had 96 last night …44 kids and around 25 families.”

Herb Johnson, Rescue Mission CEO said a “special services envelope” allows them to add 20 more beds if needed. He said they do all they can to avoid turning families away from their front door, located downtown on Elm St.

“You know, the doorbell rings at 9:30 p.m. and there’s a mother standing out there with five kids and no place to go,” said Johnson.

Families can stay at the emergency shelter for 30 days, though sometimes that’s stretched to three or four months if a family is on a waiting list for the long-term shelter.

“We know that if we put them out of here, and they don’t have a bed, there isn’t another bed likely for them,” explained Johnson.

Downs described a typical night in the shelter as “a bit chaotic” because of so many babies and children sleeping in the same room, but she said the shelter provides the children some stability and a routine.

“We have a kid corner where they can watch movies and do their homework, and we let them burn some energy outside. We have a basketball hoop and bikes and balls,” she said.

The children nicknamed their outside play area, “the playground in the sky” because it sits atop the Rescue Mission’s employee parking garage and offers views of the city and planes passing by.

But Downs said the playground is only a temporary escape from a very hard life — especially school-age children who struggle in class because they don’t sleep well at night and it’s hard for them to pay attention and to learn. “We try to get lights out at 9 p.m., but they wake up at 5 a.m. and eat breakfast around 6 a.m.”

Most of the children attend Monarch School, dedicated for homeless children, or Washington Elementary — both schools are within walking distance to the shelter.

“We’ve had schools call us and say that some of our kids are so tired they’re falling asleep in class, and we’ll try to get those kids to sleep and make sure their homework is done, but it’s hard to get them up at five and out of the door,” said Downs.

Johnson said his workday typically ends at 6:30 p.m., just before the shelter opens. He said he’s often overwhelmed with guilt on his drive home, especially during bad weather.

“It’s like a freight train of women and baby carriages and kids coming up 2nd Ave. I look at those kids, they’re soaking wet, it’s raining. At least I know they’re going to be safe here,” he said.