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Psychopathic Business Political System, Orwell and Awakening

In the public interest.  Interestingly I was contemplating the word ‘evil’ today.  I don’t usually use this word as I see it as the absence of love.  What is being expressed here has been born out for me intuitively and experientially.  Without doubt there is a silent war going on and the normalisation of psychopathic behaviour which I know to be a mental health issue.  I also know the power of goodness.  It is true you must follow yourself and trust your path. It is comforting to hear another voice reflecting the reality under the surface.

Some notes from the video below.

Martin Geddes a former Silicon Valley IT expert is awakening business to psychopathic approaches normalising evil.  He speaks of a spiritual war beneath the surface.  It explains we must learn to follow intuitive intelligence to ensure others do not control. He uses planning as a means to work out what is happening and the future.  He uses analyst skills to problem solve what is happening. He sees a massive shake-up that has never been seen before.  Some have called it disruption. Early signs now.

He speaks about spygate scandal hints at a coop attempt by outgoing Obama administration and criminals against Trump administration. He says this is serious.   Reports from Inspector General Department of Justice on FISA gate scandal. Illegal spying on US politicians by Americans by abusing 5 Eyes system of spying, pulls in UK, Italy and other countries (including Australia). 

World events happening similar to this.  Clinton Foundation and mass media.  Step back and understand the bigger picture, the collapse of globalisation and replaced by something new.  Akin to collapse of Soviet Union.

How to build a rational scenario map of the future.  Next year there will be unfolding of connected mega scandals, off the scale of what has been seen.  They are global.  Uranium one involves Russia and Iran.  Iran gate.  Weaponisation of migation from Africa.  EU on last legs.

Need more extreme wildcards in planning.  Present moment extreme schism in belief.  Pro globalist and anti-globalist. tussle between liberty and totalitarianism.  Understanding the nature of the struggle and tectonic thing under the surface.  Earthquake first half next year and then tsunami, much of the old systems will be washed away. 

Facing a geopolitical earthquake.  You need your two weeks of food. Basic preparations will get you through a difficult times.  Educate yourself. 

total trust in the mainstream media.  They are controlled, compromised and complicit in hiding crimes against humanity.  Documents now state the Iraq war based on false premises. 

Unprecedented resignations of CEO’s.  Related to media.  Not possible t run trials for those involved in corruption, deals cut. Those not involved in pedophilia, they are given a deal to resign from politics and business.

Silent war, occult war, real war, people are dying.  Struggle for survival and power. 

Epstein part of a system of blackmail and control.  It is far worse than your worst nightmares. 

Understand these are connected, embedded into the highest levels.  To get into the elite are you willingto rape children.  It is aweful.  It is too dark for most people.  Denial of reality leaves you vulnerable to massive suprrises.

How to discern right and wrong or caught up in mass deceptions. Intellectuals the most vulnerable to propaganda.  (Head and heart?) You have to develop an intuitive intelligence as well as intellectual intelligence.  They are not the same thing.  Traumas and wounds from childhood including experience with a occult sensitised Martin.  Art and photography helped to develop the other side of self. 

Understanding your goodness, compassion and passion can be weaponised against you hijacked in evil ways, he says.  Framing of this, the core thing we are in a war, real war between discernment and deception and the evil works by persuading it doesn’t exist.  Denial. 

Barrier on incredulous.  Resignations are happening, numbers of sealed indictment.  Peace breaking out and conflict (Hong Kong).  What is the nature of the geopolitical stresses.  All connected between systems of good and evil.

Good versus evil is simple. In the world it is complex. It is like a fractal.  What is right and wrong?  Failure in trust.  Transition of governments – Brazil, UK (Brexit)

geopolitical – pure globalist institutions e.g. UN, to what can be called patriot.  Transition of governments – Brazil, Italy, Uk (Brexit), changes in financial system, asset backed currency, debt and derivative disaster, collapse of trust in institutions e.g. catholic church.  Failure of trust. 
Corporate level – business black swans.  This is a purple platypus. First aspect is governance crisis. Chairman of board, other board members in corruption, CEO not concept of what is going on, staff divided etc.  Compliance crises, contracting crisis etc. NGO’s level of illegality.  Organ harvesting, human trafficking.  Pharma business corrupt. Opioid crisis.  Mass media apocalyptic.  Process unfolding of globalist system planned for decades.  Battles between secret societies, below surface bursting through, good people behind it.  Golden Age few years away. Global corruption purge leave us in a better state.   Industries shaken to their core – media, tech, Ukraine scandal Facebook, real bad.  Lot of dirty stuff, will find out about.  Energy industry, lots affected.  Horizontal functions will have to upgrade capabilities to deal with tale risk event.  HR has to deal with psychopaths.  Where are the game changers.  People with high imaginations.  They are put away as trouble makers, they will be valued the most.  Legal world there are things you can do with contracts.  Companies e.g. Disney have bad things happening.  If in finance, media production, revenue attached to Disney.  Digital marketing Facebook is 80% of business good time to think about diversification.  Some of these companies will collapse.  The level of trust broken is high.
Individual level is difficult to bring into corporate world.  It is unsettling. Personal, social world, people think we have gone nuts.  Schisms, splits in families, social stress here.  Requires you to rebalance the loss of trust in the world with more trust in inner world.  It is a spiritual war between good and evil, subverting our spiritual identity.  Collapse in beliefs systems and will come out a better person.  Spiritual awakening is not an easy process.  Need to understand how criminals got to where they are.  If you own beautiful idea that we are not worthy. If not, you are a bad person.  Come back to basics.  Exposure of things that we haven’t imagined.  Loving, kindness and compassion is essential.  Can’t deal with geopolitical stuff without doing the individual stuff….

Earth Intelligence Network

Earth Intelligence Network

501c3 EIN 20-8286516 from 12 January 2007 VA SCC ID 06707608


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Earth Intelligence Network (EIN) was founded by Robert David Steele in 2006.  24 volunteers came together for one year to design an architecture for a World Brain and a Global Game.  The two key documents are below, followed by a copy of our IRS letter.

The logo consists of the Whole Earth within a Rescue Cross, with four symbols: the bowl for food and water; the quill pen for education and communication; the shovel for construction and development; and the stilleto for the inevitable rogues that need to be killed one at a time.  On a white field are found the legal name of the non-profit, and our public purpose: to enable hybrid governance (informed consensus governance across the eight tribes shown as tri-graph color-coded members of any decision-making circle with integrity) with transparency, truth, and trust.

The outermost border summarizes our two innovative methods for which we are the foremost proponents in the world: Open Source Everything (the only technical solution that is affordable, inter-operable, and scalable) and Multinational, Multiagency, Multidisciplinary, Multidomain Information-Shaaring and Sense-Making (M4IS2, the only human solution that assures holistic analytics and a grasp of true cost economics).

EIN_flyer_019 [new flyer soon]   –   EarthGame 1.0 3.3-1   –   EIN IRS 501c3 Letter

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Our mind-set is deeply rooted in Ecological Economics as pioneered by Dr. Herman Daly and subsequently described in books by the titles of Ecology of Commerce and Natural Capitalism.  We believe that the Earth is amply sufficient to provide every human now living with a life that is both prosperous and secure — where we have gone wrong is in allowing a select few to internalize profit and externalize cost.

Here is our “method” graphic. We consider education, intelligence (decision-support), and research to be part of a whole system that cannot be fragmented without devolving into idiocy across all major domains (political-military, socio-economic, ideo-cultural, techno-demographic, and natural-geographic).

Government — in isolation from the other seven tribes shown in the EIN logo — has failed.  We must move to hybrid transparent governance, leverging a combination of collective intelligence and true cost economics, to achieve whole systems understanding through holistic analytics.

This is our short story: 2014 Story Board Short

And here is our longer story: 1957-2013 Story Board Long

Our meme is “the truth at any cost lowers all other costs.”


A top 10 in the world is achievable by becoming the first to offer an AB/BS path toward MA/MS and PhD/DBA in Stewardship, with three tracks:

  • Holistic Analytics
  • True Cost Economics
  • Open Source Everything Engineering

Liberal Arts has  lost its integrity (and never really respected Ancient, Eastern, Alien, or Alternative (e.g. Medicine) pillars.  My concept is the integral systems alternative more suited to the 21st century — and explicitly relevant to creating a post-Western economy with zero waste that achieves the 17 sustainable development goals within a quarter century.  My two briefings below may be a good starting point.  Become the first in the world that teaches Stewardship and modifies the concept of CEO to one of Chief Enabling Officer — its all about connecting the dots, not hoarding information or seeking competitive advantage that is ephemeral.

Briefing on Books about Education, Intelligence, & Research

Post on 21st Century Leadership with Annotated Bibliography

For the ideas of Robert David Steele that led to his recommendation for the Nobel Peace Prize in 2017, visit his home page, Robert David Steele.

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While creating a global open source everything network — a world brain that cannot be censored or manipulated, where individuals cannot be digitally assassinated — remains our primary interest, we now have two supporting projects: #UNRIG (election reform), and support to the Judicial Commission of Inquiry into Human Trafficking and Child Sex Abuse.

The three are related. It is now legal for the US Government to lie to the public and to claim the right to lie in court “when necessary for national security.” Election Reform is the only way to overturn that inherent obstruction of justice and death blow to democracy. Pedophilia — including murderous pedophilia — is both the glue that holds the Deep State together, and its Achilles heel. Once  the public realizes what governments turning a blind eye have allowed against our children, a revolution can be expected.

What We Do…

This is the Gold Seal of Transparency as earned by our fully compliant membership and transparent records and responses at

Earth Intelligence Network is a non-profit educational corporation that seeks to teach individuals and organizations how to use holistic analytics, true cost economics, and if desired, open source everything engineering, to create open ethical intelligence (decision support) in support of strategic, operational, tactical, and technical decisions, courses of action, and investments. Our intent is to teach, not do, but we are happy to help donors with direct support if asked to do so.

EIN has no employees. Robert David STEELE Vivas serves as the pro bono CEO and organizer. Donations support the maintenance of Phi Beta Iota Public Intelligence Blog with over 80 contributors, over 25,000 posts, and over 4 million views — subscription is free, there are over 16,000 subscribers today.

We welcome inquiries about our educational consulting and services. Since our founder started the modern Open Source Intelligence (OSINT) movement and is more recently the proponent for Open Source Everything Engineering (OSEE), our approach to any opportunity is rooted in finding exactly the right people to do exactly the right thing on a just in time basis. Unlike for profit firms, we have zero investment in advertising, marketing, sales, or employees as a fixed cost that is passed on to clients.

Disrupting Disadvantage or the Disadvantage of Disruption?

The article below is from CEDA who are seeking to disrupt the homeless. They speak of disrupting disadvantage but what of the disadvantage of disruption?
My own feedback given I am homeless as below as a brief introduction.
In my view as a homeless person, the causes of homelessness is a economic system that entrenches inequality through access via how much money you have.  Those who do not have the money cannot access housing, events, toll roads, quality food and on and on it goes.  Crisis happens in people’s lives.  Most of the socio-emotional crisis is due to the breakdown of the family due to economic pressures and a lack of socio-emotional intelligence at the highest levels.  There needs to be research done on the mental health issues of those who disconnect from calls for help.  I often speak about ‘home is where the heart is’, this is about social inclusion, non judgement, valuing the person for who they are not what they have (or status) and disadvantage structurally created via income and status.  It is a problem that is global in scale.  The real issue with homelessness is the endless writing about it but lack of personal action to really address inequality in terms of how and who we value.  That is a key issue.
We can speak of seeing differently, creating a homeless centred system, digital disruption.  The latter in my view is very problematic and my alarm bells go off when I hear the word ‘smart’ or ‘disruption’ as a means of completely reforming a system in favour of corporate interests in public/private partnerships who seeks to gain access to taxpayer revenue that is typically part of the risk in projects.  The digital side is very concerning due to: tracking, profiling, locating (geographically), data gathering (private interests) and the EMF issues with microwaves, phones and 5G coming (cell towers at eye level).  I am a market analyst and I am not for a market based system overlayed on top of a government service provision system that was delivered at cost and based in egalitarianism (all have access, unconditional welfare).  As welfare has become conditional (job related) whereby they must be on Centrelink to be able to access homeless services, we witness exclusion as a result of no pay no access.  In the digital reality they do not have a democratic framework with access digitally, it is about reading terms and conditions and you must agree for access.  The IT mentality is not based on democracy it is a system that gathers data, is conditional and the actual technology itself becomes part of the massive disconnect socio-emotionally whereby people plug into their devices and walk past the homeless on the street.  They become emotionally distant, communities breakdown as they no longer chat to each other and people do not make eye contact.  The breakdown of community is a major issue and this is directly related to the world of work and business as usual where people have more and more demands placed on them, they face higher costs of living and this creates stress, anger and disengagement.
I have felt directly the stigma, the social isolation, the digital impersonal and being forced to go online or use mobiles which reduces social and personal contact.  Homeless people are alienated, the disruption will cause suicides.  I know I’ve been there.
I have concerns using:   Infoxchange, in partnership with Google, and News Corp Australia, created Ask Izzy as they have vested interests.
The ethics are a critical issue refer to following links:
Full story:
Infoexchange – the article below is written by the CEO. he is driving digital transformation in the homelessness area. – they could donate a percentage of their excessive income to build ecovillages so that the homeless can live in sustainable and cost/effective dwellings.
I am looking  to see who really cares.  So far I am not convinced that anyone does. I hear a lot of impressive lip service but in my experience not one has got involved to actually assist me. You have to go through processes, no-one checks on you nor deeply feels concern.  I feel it is a business and like all businesses corporate social responsibility builds brand image and looks like they are caring when the very business model disconnects people from their humanity.  Given my own hardship my scepticism has expanded.
The homeless services are not available to those of us NOT on Centrelink and in the system.  I am a conscientious objector to corruption.  Technology enabled my phone to be tracked due to illegal robodebt, less face to face contact, no empathy – diagnosis of cancer ignored, disclosures of suicide not responded to and an inability to opt out of a system that is toxic.  Welfare is no longer about social security it is about job. Social security was a safety net and overtime ideological economic rationalist dispositions have shifted this Constitutional right to conditional welfare to work.  the demonization of the most vulnerable has been a trend overtime due to the unquestioned belief in economics.  This is proving problematic as the ecosystem has become unbalanced and our future uncertain.
The workplace is toxic as more reports of bullying, indifference, psychological abuse, sexual harassment and claims for entitlements are removed by legislation, deunionisation and shifting philosophies in government. Hence, the balance of power shifts to industry and has been occurring since the 1970s, intensifying in the 1980s and embedding in 1990’s and so on.
Disruption brings in automation (labour saving) and artificial intelligence (intelligent computing power) as unemployment rises. The disruption we will witness is a divided society based on those complying with the system and profit maximisation and those who can’t comply, see differently or structurally miss out due to lower or incompatible qualifications, age, technology illiteracy and so on. They will witness automation replacing workers (lower skills) and gradually the number of homeless will grow alongside negative attitudes of ‘you made your bed’, ‘get a job’ or ‘useless eaters’ as justification for missing out given the disruption that served the few over the many. Disruption is about a technocracy not a deeply human connected society where we develop our humanity, community and freedoms using technology as a tool rather than a master.  The intelligent use of technologies to map our lives is a massive breach of privacy and it is interesting to watch how others fall into line as the government backs it.  Yet we are learning more of technocrats and industry insiders becoming parliamentarians and accessing positions where they can restructure or ‘reform’ our society into a digital motherboard as mothers become single and homeless.  I see the future. I am in the future now looking back.  I have already felt disconnection due to freedom of speech and emotional disconnect due to over intellectualisation and loss of community and felt empathy. Until children are educated in values and experience learning where they learn to deeply connect, respect and become empowered in conflict resolution, dialogue, democratic principles we will continue down a trajectory where violent video games are fun, movies have no story just violence and the mental health issues rise as a results of negativity, isolation and felt homelessness (even with houses) as they feel there is no love or meaning.  This is the real disruption under the veil of ‘transformation’ in my view. I predict it won’t work as IT is about money not love.  That is my prediction.
This is my observation after two years of homelessness without any real support.  I wonder – will you listen to my voice or see it as a threat to an agenda that states ‘you have no choice – comply’. That is the very attitude that leaves people on the street and dismantles democracy.
Following the release of Disrupting disadvantage: setting the scene, CEDA is releasing a series of articles from leading thinkers in the field that explore different aspects of disadvantage in Australia. Infoxchange CEO, David Spriggs, discusses how Infoxchange is using technology and cross-sector collaboration to reduce housing insecurity.

David Spriggs | 22/11/2019 | 0 Comments

Homelessness is a widespread and deeply rooted problem in Australia. On any given night, over 116,000 Australians do not have a place to call home.

The people sleeping rough on our streets are only the tip of the iceberg. In fact, only seven per cent of people experiencing homelessness sleep rough, with the remainder sleeping in overcrowded rooming houses, couches, cars, or other temporary accommodation.

Breaking the cycle of disadvantage and solving homelessness will require us to think differently about the problem. We need to look beyond the immediate issue and consider the complex causes of homelessness, including family violence, mental health issues, financial distress and the lack of affordable housing.

We need to think about homelessness in the broader community context and acknowledge that addressing the issue will require investments in education, health and housing. We also need to rethink the service system – putting the person in need at the centre and designing services so they are easier to navigate, take a more holistic approach to people’s needs and focus more on early intervention and prevention.

Technology and data can enable these much-needed reforms. Just as digital disruption has taken hold in the consumer and commercial sector, technology can be leveraged as a force for social good. We should also not assume that governments and the not-for-profit sector can solve these problems alone. We can leverage the skills and experience of the private sector in technology and data and collaborate across sectors to drive further progress.

The following case studies highlight some examples where cross-sector collaboration, digital disruption and innovation improved outcomes for people experiencing homelessness. We hope they can encourage a different way of thinking about how to tackle disadvantage and the use of technology to enable positive social change.

Navigating the service system across Australia
We know that navigating the social services support system in Australia can be incredibly difficult and frustrating for people in need.

For someone experiencing or at risk of homelessness, not knowing which services are available, where they are or how they can help just adds to what is already an extremely stressful situation. That’s why Infoxchange, in partnership with Google, and News Corp Australia, created Ask Izzy a mobile website to help people quickly and easily find the help they need.

Eighty per cent of people of experiencing homelessness have a smartphone. While they are often using pre-paid phones with no credit, it is a critical lifeline and many will access free wifi services to stay online. Ask Izzy connects these users to over 360,000 services nationally to find housing, food, money help, counselling, legal advice, health services and more.

From the outset, Ask Izzy was designed and developed with people with lived experienced of homelessness and service providers working in the sector. It was clear that in order to empower Ask Izzy’s users we would need to take the time to fully understand their needs. What kind of services would they search for? What categories would they like to see? What sort of language should be used? How should the site look and feel?

As a result of this careful design process, Ask Izzy has seen enormous usage since it was launched nearly four years ago – in the past year alone, there have been more than 1.5 million searches for help on the site. While it’s sad to see that so many people need this help, the tool is clearly responding to the needs of the community.

It is also a great example of cross-sector collaboration. In addition to the founding partners, over 20 organisations have contributed directly to the development of Ask Izzy, including the Victorian Government, Telstra, National Australia Bank, Vodafone and the University of Melbourne.

Taking a more holistic approach to housing needs in Tasmania
Housing Connect is a Tasmanian Government initiative to provide a one-stop shop for all housing and support needs for people in need across the state. A single assessment is used for everything from emergency accommodation to finding a long-term home.

Service providers use the Specialist Homelessness Information Platform (SHIP), a client and case management system developed by Infoxchange in partnership with the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, which supports more than 1500 homelessness services across Australia.

The platform gives services an easy way to record and manage client data, enables service coordination, and ensures clients experiencing homelessness can be provided with support in a timely manner. Housing Tasmania further customised the platform to implement a common assessment tool, enable sharing of client data amongst service providers and integrate with core housing systems.

The integration of SHIP with Tasmania’s housing register has resulted in a dramatic difference in understanding client pathways – from seeking assistance to being housed – across all housing and homelessness services in Tasmania. This visibility enables Housing Tasmania to focus on reporting client outcomes rather than simply counting service activity.

Most important of all, it means that people in need of housing receive a better level of service because everyone is working together to improve their housing outcomes.

Using data to improve services for people most in need
Data can be an incredibly powerful tool for better understanding the causes and effective responses to homelessness.

The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare has recently launched a Housing Data Dashboard, which brings together 20 key national datasets to provide insights on housing and homelessness. The interactive displays allow users to dig deeper into the data contained in the dashboards and export or share information.

The Ask Izzy Open Data Platform, developed by Infoxchange in partnership with Google, provides users with data on what services are being searched for and where through the Ask Izzy website. This means that for the first time in Australia, service providers and policymakers are now able to see where people most need help. With this information, they can better tailor support to people in need based on where the service demand is coming from.

Ultimately, we need to move towards a more real-time and predictive view of service demand to improve outcomes for people in need. This will enable us to better respond to the complex issues associated with homelessness and help break the cycle of disadvantage.

Nihilist Joker or World Peace Clown – You Choose What You Believe!

I found this video about the evil Joker.  As a World Peace Clown (Jester) myself I am aware of the dark element infilitrating what was innocent for children and turning it into a violent character.

I travelled to Russia with Dr. Patch Adams who is a Trickster Clown and made famous by Robin Williams in the film ‘Patch Adams’.  I observed Patch as a clown and I saw the compassion in his gentle connection with children, on the streets and using humour to connect people not alienate.

When you see the phenomenon on the evil clown I am in no doubt this has been deliberately created to attack what is ‘good’ and ‘innocent’ to create in the young people and greater society a fear of clowns.  The clowns in truth are used as they are the opposite of evil.

So how did I become a clown?  I was inspired.  I saw a nurse and doctor give a talk on hospitals, humour and healing.  They spoke of Patch Adams and fun.  I thought it might be fun to get some colourful clothes and go clowning.  I went into a hospital and had the experience of real meaning, real connection and real love.  The clown, fool, jester is an ancient archetype that is in every person.  The clown is the class clown, the silly person, the one who is not serious, the one that plays the clown to get people laughing. The joy is in seeing happiness in others.

For those with a vested interest in maximising fear in our world they will continue to produce films that maximise terror.  This is the real terrorism.

So below I will feature an interesting film on Nihilism (lack of meaning, values, love), I noted a perpective on Greta.  I don’t necessarily resonate with that but my mind is open to possibilities.  I am not into ‘them and us’. I see us reflecting aspects of each other, we all get to choose the archetype we believe in – perhaps it is the evil Joker (darker aspects of self not resolved) or the lighter aspects of the peace clown where we let go of controla and feel the freedom of happiness and responding to life in the moment. The meaning is what you give it and that comes from where life is half empty or half full.  I see it as full.

For contrast to the Joker film I will post some footage of our clowning trip to Russia with Dr. Patch Adams.  This changed my life as Patch taught me of the power of love of the few who come together.  He spoke of a love revolution.  Those in the spiritual spaces are learning the wholistic nature of love which sees no enemy and nothing to fear.  When you love fearlessness is there as ‘they are me’.  There is no ‘other’ just unhealed aspects of humanity.

In Russia with had 40 clowns who were regular people dressing as clowns seeking to bring happiness to dark places such as: orphanages, nursing homes, the streets etc.  He taught us to not give things but love.  He inspired through his talks to be ‘who you are’.  To not be ‘whimpy’ as he put it about loving.  Our purpose was to remind people they were loved.  We also learn that we are as well.  It was to come alongside, play and bring music and laughter to enable the most lonely to feel valued and remember the child within.  Children and clowns connect as the goofy clown is the goofy child that makes mistakes, trips over etc.  That is the real meaning of the clown.

I will paste a link to my teaching peace as a clown to give you a deeper aspect of love utilising the ‘clown’ as a means of experiential teaching where school is about fun.

I dreamed I was teaching peace in 1998.  I was inspired to become a clown and know this is the greatest aspect of who I am.  I still love the ‘peace clown’.  I know the truth of clowning and I will never live in fear as it is False Evidence Appearing Real. The only thing that is real is love, and yes that is the highest power.

Do you get the Joke of the dark side?

Let’s start with the real meaning behind the Joker.

The Love Revolution. This is the real meaning of the Joker (clown, fool, jester).   Our work is about loving kindness.

Video link ‘JOKER & The Rise Of The Nihilists (2019)

I will post two videos from my trip to Russia with Dr. Patch Adams (trickster clown) speaking about the love revolution and the second video gives an overview of the experience. As you will see it is nothing like the Joker movie which is designed to create hatred against clowns turning what is beautiful into something terrifying.  You must be vigilant by being aware of any voice that creates fear in you.  They DO NOT LOVE YOU. They are seeking a world in their image.  We make the decision LOVE or FEAR.  We all get to choose.

Clowning in Russia with Dr. Patch Adams – Part 1

The Black Hand Over WWI

Life has lead me to World War 1 today, I am contemplating the black hand that sparked WWI.

Sarajevo, June 28, 1914

The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

by Micheal Shackelford

Note on Slavic spelling: Due to the current limitations of HTML, certain Slavic characters can not be reproduced. I have chosen to use the same letters, but without the diacritical marks, rather than translitterating. Cabrinovic, for instance, will be spelled as is, and not rendered as Chabrinovitj, or Chabrinovitch. Accurate orthography accompanies the map shown below


Events Leading Up to Murder

Bosnia and Herzegovina were provinces just south of Austria which had, until 1878, been governed by the Turks. The Treaty of Berlin (1878) settled the disposition of lands lost by the Turks following their disastrous war with Russia. Austria was granted the power to administer the two provinces indefinitely.
Bosnia was populated primarily by three groups — Croats (Roman Catholic), ethnic Serbs (Serb-Orthodox) and Muslims (left from the days of Turkish rule). There is no ethnic group: Bosnians. Many Bosnian-Serbs felt a strong nationalistic desire to have their province joined with that of their Serb brothers across the river in Serbia. Many in Serbia openly shared that desire.

The Annexation

On October 6, 1908, Austria annexed Bosnia and Herzegovina directly into the Austro-Hungarian empire. The reasons were complex. Annexation would remove any hopes Turkey might have for reclaiming the provinces. Full inclusion into the empire would give Bosnians full rights and privileges. It may have been an act of will by the Austrians, just to show that they were still an active, sovereign power. For whatever reason, the annexation caused quite a stir in Europe. The move was not exactly legal. Russia, particularly, was upset, even though the Russians had earlier given their consent to the annexation. (Austria was supposed to help Russia in the Dardanelles first) After Austria payed Turkey a cash settlement, most of Europe calmed down. The Serbs, however, did not. They coveted the provinces for their own Serb empire.

The Black Hand

A secret society called Ujedinjenje ili Smrt, (‘Union or Death’) was founded in Belgrade, an outgrowth of an older Serb nationalist group: Narodna Odbrana . The Black Hand took over the older group’s work of anti-Austrian propaganda within Serbia, sabotage, espionage and political murders abroad — especially in provinces Serbia wished to annex. The group included many government officials, professionals and army officers.
When it was learned that the Heir-Apparent to the Austrian throne, Franz Ferdinand, was scheduled to visit Sarajevo in June of 1914, the Black Hand decided to assassinate him. Three young Bosnians were recruited, trained and equipped: Gavrilo Princip, Nedjelko Cabrinovic and Trifko Grabez.

The Serbian Government

Because of its many government and army members, the Black Hand’s activities were fairly well known to the Serbian government. When Prime Minister Pasic learned of the assassination plot, he had a difficult problem on his hands. If he did nothing, and the plot succeeded the Black Hand’s involvement would surely come to light. The tangled connections between the Black Hand and the Serbian government would put Serbia in a very bad position. It could even bring on war with Austria. Should he warn the Austrians of the plot, he would be seen as a traitor by his countrymen. He would also be admitting to deeper knowledge of anti-Austrian actions in Serbia.
A weak attempt was made to intercept the assassins at the border. When that failed, Pasic decided that he would try to warn the Austrians in carefully vague diplomatic ways that would not expose the Black Hand.

The Warning

The Serbian Minister to Vienna, Jovan Jovanovic, was given the task of warning the Austrians. Because of his extremist, pan-Serb views, Jovanovich was not well received in Austrian Foreign Ministry offices. He did, however, get along better with the Minister of Finance, Dr. Leon von Bilinski.
On June 5, Jovanovic told Bilinski, that it might be good and reasonable if Franz Ferdinand were to not go to Sarajevo. “Some young Serb might put a live rather than a blank cartridge in his gun and fire it.” Bilinski, unaccustomed to subtle diplomatic innuendo, completely missed the warning. “Let us hope nothing does happen” he responded good humoredly. Jovanovic strongly suspected that Bilinski did not understand, but made no further effort to convey the warning.


The three Black Hand trainees secretly made their way back to Sarajevo roughly a month before Franz Ferdinand. A fourth man, Danilo Ilic, had joined the group and on his own initiative, recruited three others. Vaso Cubrilovic and Cvijetko Popovic were 17 year old high school students. Muhamed Mehmedbasic, a Bosnian muslim, was added to give the group a less pan-Serb appearance. Four Serbian army pistols and six bombs were were supplied from Serbian army arsenals.

The Visit


Franz Ferdinand accepted the invitation of Bosnia’s governor, General Oskar Potoirek, to inspect the army manoeuvres being held outside Sarajevo. The Archduke’s role as Inspector General of the Army made the visit logical. It had also been four years since a prominent Hapsburg had made a goodwill visit to Bosnia.
The visit would also roughly coincide with his 14th wedding anniversary. While his wife Sophie, not being of royal blood, was not permitted to ride in the same car as her royal husband back in Vienna, such taboos did not apply to provincial cities like Sarajevo. During the visit, Sophie would be able to ride beside her husband — a thoughtful anniversary gift.
Security during the visit was not tight. Franz Ferdinand was a brave man and disliked the presence of secret service men. Nor did he like the idea of a cordon soldiers between the crowd and himself. For the most part, Franz Ferdinand was welcomed warmly by the Bosnians. Sarajevo was not seen as hostile territory. Arrangements were not based on the assumption that the streets were lined with assassins. As it was, only Sarajevo’s hundred and twenty policemen were at work.

June 28, 1914

At around 10:00 a.m., the archducal party left Philipovic army camp, where Franz Ferdinand had performed a brief review of the troops. The motorcade, consisting of six automobiles was headed for City Hall for a reception hosted by Sarajevo’s mayor. The chosen route was the wide avenue called Appel Quay, which followed the north bank of the River Miljacka.
In the first automobile rode the Mayor, Fehim Effendi Curcic, and the city’s Commissioner of Police, Dr. Gerde. In the second automobile, its top folded down and flying the Hapsburg pennant, rode Franz Ferdinand, Sophie and General Potoirek. The driver and the car’s owner, Count Harrach, rode in front. The third automobile in the procession carried the head Franz Ferdinand’s military chancellery; Sophie’s lady in waiting; Potoirek’s chief adjutant, Lieutenant Colonel Merizzi; the car’s owner and his driver. The fourth and fifth automobiles carried other members of Franz Ferdinand’s staff and assorted Bosnian officials. The sixth automobile was empty — a spare should one of the others fail.
The morning was sunny and warm. Many of the houses and buildings lining the route were decorated with flags and flowers. Crowds lined the Appel Quay to cheer the imperial couple. Amid the festive crowd mingled seven young assassins. They took up their assigned positions, all but one along the river side of the Appel Quay. First in line was Mehmedbasic, to the west of the Cumurja Bridge. Near him was Cabrinovic. The others were strung out as far back as the Kaiser Bridge.


The Bomb

The motorcade approached and the crowds began to cheer. As Franz Ferdinand’s car passed Mehmedbasic, he did nothing. The next man in line, Cabrinovic, had more resolve. He took the bomb from his coat pocket, struck the bomb’s percussion cap against a lamp post, took aim and threw the bomb directly at Franz Ferdinand.
In the short time it took the bomb to sail through the air, many small events took place. The car’s owner, Count Harrach, hearing the bomb being struck against the lamp post, thought they had suffered a flat tire. “Bravo. Now we’ll have to stop.” The driver, who must have seen the black object flying, did just the opposite — he stepped on the accelerator. As a result, the bomb would not land where intended. Franz Ferdinand, also catching a glimpse of the hurtling package, raised his arm to deflect it away from Sophie. She sat to his right, and so was between Franz Ferdinand and Cabrinovic.
The bomb glanced off Franz Ferdinand’s arm, bounced off the folded car top and into the street behind them. The explosion injured about a dozen spectators. The third car was hit with fragments and stalled. Merizzi received a bad cut to the back of the head. Others in the party received minor cuts. The first and second cars continued on for a few moments then stopped while everyone assessed who was injured and who was not.

After the Bomb

Cabrinovic swallowed his cyanide and jumped into the river. The trouble was, the poison was old — it only made him vomit — and the river was only a few inches deep. He was quickly seized by the crowd and arrested. The motorcade continued on to City Hall, passing the other assassins. Either because they thought Cabrinovic had succeeded or from lack of resolve, they failed to act.
At City Hall, a furious Franz Ferdinand confronted the Mayor. “Mr. Mayor, one comes here for a visit and is received by bombs! It is outrageous!” After a pause to calm himself, he regained his composure and let the Mayor speak. The Mayor, either completely unaware of what had happened, or personally ill equiped for crises, launched into his prepared speech. “Your Royal and Imperial Highness!…Our hearts are full of happiness…”
By the end of the Mayor’s speech, Franz Ferdinand had regained his composure and thanked his host for his cordial welcome. Activities at City Hall were observed as planned.

Changed Plans

Discussions were held as to whether to change the rest of Franz Ferdinand’s schedule. The Archduke did not wish to cancel his visit to the museum and lunch at the Governor’s residence, but wished to alter his plans to include a visit to Merizzi in the hospital.
The same motorcade set out along the Appel Quay, but neither the Mayor’s driver, nor Franz Ferdinand’s driver had been informed of the change in schedule. This would have been Merizzi’s job.
The young assassins had counted on succeeding on the first attempt. With no assurance that Franz Ferdinand would follow his original itinerary, the remaining assassins took up various other positions along the Appel Quay. Gavrilo Princip crossed the Appel Quay and strolled down Franz Joseph Street. He stepped into Moritz Schiller’s food store to get a sandwich. As he emerged, he met a friend who inquired about a mutual friend.

The Wrong Turn

The Mayor’s car, followed by Franz Ferdinand’s car turned off the Appel Quay and onto Franz Joseph Street, as originally planned, to travel to the museum. General Potoirek leaned forward. “What is this? This is the wrong way! We’re supposed to take the Appel Quay!” The driver put on the brakes and began to back up. Franz Ferdinand’s car stopped directly in front of Schiller’s store — five feet away from Princip.

The Shots

Princip was quick to recognize what had happened. He pulled the pistol from his pocket, took a step towards the car and fired twice. General Potoirek happened to look directly at Princip as he fired. He thought the gun’s report unusually soft. Both Franz Ferdinand and Sophie were still sitting upright. Potoirek thought the shots had missed, but given the assult, ordered the driver to drive directly to the Governor’s residence.


Princip then turned the gun on himself, but was mobbed by the crowd. Police had to rescue Princip from the crowd before they could arrest him. Princip had swallowed his poison, but it was from the same batch as Cabrinovic’s. He was violently ill, but did not die.

Mortal Wounds

As the car sped across the Lateiner Bridge, a stream of blood shot from Franz Ferdinand’s mouth. He had been shot in the neck. Sophie, seeing this, exclaimed: “For Heaven’s sake! What happened to you?” She sank from her seat. Potoirek and Harrach thought whe had fainted and were trying to help her up. Franz Ferdinand, knowing his wife better, suspected the truth. Sophie had been shot in the abdomen and was bleeding internally.
Sopherl! Sopherl! ” he pleaded. “Sterbe nicht! Bleibe am Leben für unsere Kinder! ” (Sophie dear! Sophie dear! Don’t die! Stay alive for our children!)
The cars rushed to the Governor’s residence. Sophie may have died before they arrived. Franz Ferdinand died shortly afterward.

The July Crisis

The murders of Franz Ferdinand and Sophie brought Austro-Serbian tensions to a head. Serbia had been fomenting trouble for Austria for many years. For many in Vienna, the double murders provided the ‘last straw’ for a get-tough showdown. The trail back to the Black Hand would not be unraveled for years to come. Vienna felt she could not wait for conclusive proof and acted based on the mass of circumstantial evidence.
As Vienna took a hard line against Serbia, the other powers in Europe took sides. The wheels of war gained speed. The stakes far outgrew the squabble between Austria and Serbia. The Crisis of July turned into world war, just over thirty days after Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie were shot.


Related Articles in World War I Document Archive

The Black Hand
Constitution of the Black Hand
Biography of Colonel Dimitrijvic, the mastermind.
Biography of Franz Ferdinand, the slain Archduke.
Biography of Sophie , Franz Ferdinand’s wife.
Biography of General Potoirek, Governor of Sarajevo.
Biography of Princip, the gunman.
Biography of Cabrinovic, the bomber.
Biography of Grabez, the third Belgrade man.
Biography of Ilic, the assassin who talked.
Biography of Cubrilovic, a young assassin.
Biography of Popovic, the other young assassin.
Biography of Mehmedbasic, the Muslim who got away.


Sarajevo: the story of a political murder, by Joachim Remak, 1959.

Origins of World War I: 1871-1914, by Joachim Remak, 1967.

American Heritage History of World War I, by S.L.A. Marshall, 1982.

Black Hand Over Europe, by Henri Pozzi, 1935.